Showing posts with label epinephrine. Show all posts
Showing posts with label epinephrine. Show all posts

Friday, August 2, 2019

Optimal norepinephrine-equivalent dose to initiate epinephrine in patients with septic shock

Link to Abstract

I am quite confused by this article. I was hoping for some answers on how to manage norepinephrine and epinephrine in septic shock but instead I am left scratching my head wondering what in the world happened here. If you're on my page and following along in on this journey, then you know a thing or two about septic shock patients. This article was supposed to provide us with some data regarding when to start epinephrine on these patients once levophed was already running. Instead, you find a retrospective observational study with a statistically significant difference between the optimal dose group and the non-optimal dose group. Within the subgroup analysis, though, you can find that 83.3% of the optimal dose group was also on vasopressin while 62.3% of the non-optimal group was on vasopressin (p=0.001). Does this mean that there's a dose to start epinephrine when a patient is on norepinephrine, or does this mean that before starting epi, you should have vasopressin on board? 


Purpose: The specific norepinephrine dose at which epinephrine should be added in septic shock is unclear. This study sought to determine the norepinephrine-equivalent dose at epinephrine initiation that correlated with hemodynamic stability.
Methods: Septic shock patients receiving both norepinephrine and epinephrine were included in this study. Classification and regression tree analysis was conducted to determine breakpoints in norepinephrine- equivalent dose predicting hemodynamic stability, with two cohorts identified. The primary outcome was hemo- dynamic stability, and secondary outcomes were shock-free survival, time to achieve hemodynamic stability, and change in SOFA score.
Results: Optimal dose group was identified as initiating epinephrine when norepinephrine-equivalent dose was between 37 and 133 μg/min. A total of 138 and 61 patients were classified in optimal and non-optimal dose groups, respectively. Baseline characteristics were similar between groups except vasopressin use was more fre- quent in the optimal dose group. More patients in optimal dose group versus non-optimal dose group achieved hemodynamic stability (40 [29%] vs. 9 [14.8%]), absolute risk difference 14.2% [95% CI 2.5–25.9%]; p = .03). On multivariable analysis, initiating epinephrine within the optimal norepinephrine-equivalent dose range was independently associated with higher odds of hemodynamic response (OR 3.06 [95% CI 1.2–7.6]; p = .02). No dif- ferences were observed in other secondary outcomes.

Conclusions: Initiation of epinephrine when patients were receiving norepinephrine-equivalent doses of 37–133 μg/min was associated with a higher rate of hemodynamic stability.

Tuesday, April 2, 2019