Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Renal dose Dopamine, taking down a myth.

When one looks at the dates where the publications disproved "renal dose dopamine", you see three articles published in 2000, 2003, and 2004. It's 2020 and this has not yet been put to bed. Now, I’m all worked up about this because I’ve had clinicians tell me that it absolutely works. I saw it in residency, fellowship, and now in private practice. I’m sure some of you see it at your institutions, too.
There’s data that it improves urine output transiently but no data that it improves renal outcomes in critically ill patients. No changes in creatinine. No changes in renal replacement therapy rates. In fact, that whole discussion has been put to bed so much that there haven’t been any comments made on it over the last 15 years. No further trials attempting to prove it works. Is that why we’re still seeing it? Well, it’s time to bring the arguments against renal dose dopamine, or even using dopamine altogether back into the fray.
The data about it being beneficial was from the 60’s in animal and healthy human studies. The latest studies, however, say it doesn’t work and in fact may be harmful. I have attached some of my preliminary slides from my Vasopressors in 2020 lecture. These are some of my preliminary slides. More info will come from me directly as I present these but it should provide you with an idea of why we should rarely see dopamine in our ICU's anymore. 
Do you still all use dopamine? If so, what for?
I used to use it during codes as it was already packaged in the code carts. We have since gotten rid of these and my badass pharmacy colleagues prep me levophed drips within seconds. 

Debaveye, Y., and Van den Berghe, G.: “Is There Still a Place for Dopamine in the Modern Intensive Care Unit?” Anesthesia and Analgesia. 98(2):461–468, February 2004.

Link to FREE PDF

Holmes, C., and Walley, K.: “Bad Medicine: Low-Dose Dopamine in the ICU,” Chest. 123(4):1266–1275, April 2003.

Link to CHEST Article

Bellomo R, Chapman M, Finfer S, et al. Low-dose dopamine in patients with early renal dysfunction: a placebo-controlled randomised trial: Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS) Clinical Trials Group. Lancet 2000; 356: 2139–2143

Link to NOT FREE Lancet Article

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