Sunday, December 29, 2019

Methylene Blue in Sepsis Increases the BP

When the CITRIS-ALI study was published just a few months ago they used plasma biomarkers as a method to prove that ascorbic acid in this patient population worked. You know, the study where they gave Vitamin C to patients with acute lung injury and it failed to show its primary endpoint which was SOFA/biomarker changes but..... had a statistically significant decrease in mortality and people scoffed that that since it wasn't the primary endpoint. The study that I am posting today provided methylene blue to patients with severe sepsis and measured TNF-α, IL-1, IL-2 receptor, IL-6, IL-8. As I typed this I realized that I am such a nerd. It's a Sunday and I'm typing about interleukins. I digress. Those endpoints weren't changed by giving these patients methylene blue. You know what did change? The mean arterial pressure on these patients. You know what makes patients survive? Requiring small vasopressor doses and having an improved blood pressure. By no means does this small study mean I'm changing my practice, but I am at least going to think outside the box a little more often in my refractory shock patients who absolutely cannot die on me.

Link to Abstract and Article

Memis D, Karamanlioglu B, Yuksel M et al (2002) The influence of methylene blue infusion on cytokine levels during severe sepsis. Anaesth Intensive Care 30(6):755–762.

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